Austronesian culture on Taiwan dates back to about 4,000 BC. At the time Dutch and Portuguese traders were plying the waters around Taiwan in the 1600's the island was known as Ilha Formosa, which means 'Beautiful Island' in Portuguese and Taiwan has subsequently had a unique and colorful history. To learn more about Taiwan please visit some of the websites listed below.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Taiwan (History of Taiwan)
http://www.npm.gov.tw (The National Palace Museum)
http://www.dot.taipei.gov.tw/index.asp?index_type=english (Travel information)
www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations/north_east_asia/taiwan (Travel information)